Comprehensive Guide to Visiting Milan, Italy

Milan, a global capital of fashion and design, is a city in northern Italy, the capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome. Known for its high-end restaurants and shops, Milan offers a dynamic, vibrant, and cosmopolitan atmosphere. With its rich history and culture, world-class art and architecture, it’s a destination not to be missed.

Basic Facts and Figures

  • Population: Approximately 1.4 million in the city, 3.3 million in the urban area.
  • Area: 181.76 square kilometers.
  • Currency: Euro (€).
  • Official Language: Italian, though English is widely understood.
  • Time Zone: Central European Time (CET).
  • Climate: Humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cold, foggy winters.

Getting to Milan

The city is served by three airports: Malpensa Airport for international flights, Linate Airport for domestic and European flights, and Bergamo Airport mostly for low-cost airlines. High-speed trains connect Milan to major Italian cities and other European hubs.

Getting Around Milan

Milan has an extensive public transportation system that includes the Metro, trams, and buses. The city is also highly walkable and offers bike-sharing services. Taxis and ride-sharing services like Uber are widely available.


From luxury hotels like the Bulgari Hotel or Armani Hotel in the fashion district to more budget-friendly options and vacation rentals, there is a wide range of accommodation options to fit various budgets and preferences.

Must-See Sights

Duomo di Milano

This stunning cathedral is the symbol of Milan. It’s the largest church in Italy (St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is technically in Vatican City), and the third-largest in the world. The rooftop offers breathtaking views of the city.

Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II

One of the world’s oldest shopping malls, the Galleria is a landmark four-story double arcade in the center of Milan. Here, you can shop, dine, and even stay at the luxurious TownHouse Galleria hotel.

Teatro alla Scala

One of the world’s most famous opera houses, it has seen the premieres of numerous operas and is considered the home of Italian opera.

Castello Sforzesco

A massive castle complex that now houses various museums and art collections. It’s a hub of culture and history, surrounded by beautiful parks.

Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper

Housed in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie, the Last Supper is one of the most famous artworks in the world. It’s advisable to book tickets well in advance due to its popularity.

Quadrilatero della Moda

Also known as the Golden Triangle, this district is the world’s most important fashion district, home to numerous high-end shopping outlets.

Food and Drink

Milanese cuisine is rich, based primarily on meat and rice. Here are some must-try dishes:

  • Risotto alla Milanese: A creamy rice dish cooked with saffron and bone marrow.
  • Cotoletta alla Milanese: A breaded veal cutlet fried in butter.
  • Osso Buco: A traditional Lombard dish made with braised veal shanks and vegetables.
  • Panettone: A type of sweet bread loaf originally from Milan, usually prepared and enjoyed for Christmas and New Year.
  • For drinks, don’t miss the traditional Aperitivo – a pre-dinner drink meant to “open” the palate. It’s usually served with small snacks and is a fundamental part of the local dining culture


Milan is a shopper’s paradise, particularly for high-end fashion and design pieces. The Quadrilatero della Moda or Golden Triangle (Via Monte Napoleone, Via Alessandro Manzoni, Via della Moscova, and Via Sant’Andrea) is the hub of Milanese high fashion, boasting shops from top world-renowned designers.

For more budget-friendly options, Corso Buenos Aires is one of the biggest shopping streets in Europe. Don’t forget to explore the Brera district for quirky boutiques and antique shops.

Festivals and Events

Milan hosts numerous festivals and events throughout the year. Some of the highlights include the Milan Fashion Week, Milano Film Festival, and Festa dei Navigli. Additionally, the city hosts a massive carnival parade, known as Carnevale Ambrosiano, in honor of the city’s patron saint, St. Ambrose.


Milan is generally safe, but like any major city, it’s always wise to stay vigilant and be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded tourist areas and late at night.


  • Tipping: Service charge is typically included in the bill in restaurants, but it’s customary to leave a small amount if the service was good.
  • Electricity: Italy uses Type F and Type L power sockets, and the standard voltage is 230 V.
  • Water: Tap water in Milan is safe to drink.
  • Etiquette: Italians are warm and friendly, and they appreciate politeness and courtesy. When greeting, a handshake is common between strangers, while friends may kiss on both cheeks.
  • Language: While Italian is the official language, English is widely spoken in Milan, particularly in hotels, restaurants, and tourist areas.


Milan, a city rich with centuries of art, fashion, and culture, is a must-visit destination. With its world-class museums, stunning architecture, and gastronomic delights, there’s no shortage of experiences awaiting you in this vibrant Italian city. Whether you’re an avid shopper, a history buff, a foodie, or an art lover, Milan promises an unforgettable visit. Enjoy planning your trip and discovering all the treasures Milan has to offer!

Here are some basic Italian phrases and words that might be useful for tourists, along with their English, German, and Farsi (Persian) translations:

Italian English German Farsi (Persian)
Ciao Hello/Goodbye Hallo/Auf Wiedersehen سلام (salam)
Buongiorno Good morning Guten Morgen صبح بخیر (sobh bekheir)
Buonasera Good evening Guten Abend عصر بخیر (asr bekheir)
Buonanotte Good night Gute Nacht شب بخیر (shab bekheir)
Per favore Please Bitte لطفاً (lotfan)
Grazie Thank you Danke متشکرم (moteshakeram)
Prego You’re welcome Bitte خواهش می کنم (khaahesh mikonam)
Scusa Sorry Entschuldigung ببخشید (bebakhshid)
Yes Ja بله (bale)
No No Nein نه (na)
Non capisco I don’t understand Ich verstehe nicht من نمی فهمم (man nemifahmam)
Dov’è…? Where is…? Wo ist…? کجاست…؟ (kojaast…?)
Bagno Toilet Toilette دستشویی (dastshooi)
Uscita Exit Ausgang خروج (khorooj)
Entrata Entrance Eingang ورود (vorood)
Aperto Open Offen باز (baz)
Chiuso Closed Geschlossen بسته (baste)
Sinistra Left Links چپ (chap)
Destra Right Rechts راست (rast)
Cibo Food Essen غذا (ghaza)
Acqua Water Wasser آب (ab)
Birra Beer Bier آبجو (abjoo)
Vino Wine Wein شراب (sharab)
Caffè Coffee Kaffee قهوه (ghahve)
Tea Tee چای (chai)
Hotel Hotel Hotel هتل (hotel)
Ristorante Restaurant Restaurant رستوران (restaurant)
Museo Museum Museum موزه (mooze)
Ospedale Hospital Krankenhaus بیمارستان (bimarestan)
Polizia Police Polizei پلیس (police)
Farmacia Pharmacy Apotheke داروخانه (darookhane)
Macchina Car Auto ماشین (mashin)
Bicicletta Bicycle Fahrrad دوچرخه (docharakhe)
Mappa Map Karte نقشه (naqshe)
Strada Street Straße خیابان (khiaban)
Città City Stadt شهر (shahr)
Paese Country Land کشور (keshvar)
Lingua Language Sprache زبان (zaban)
Soldi Money Geld پول (pool)
Carta di credito Credit card Kreditkarte کارت اعتباری (carte e’tebari)
Biglietto Ticket Ticket بلیت (belit)
Tempo Time Zeit زمان (zaman)
Giorno Day Tag روز (rooz)
Notte Night Nacht شب (shab)
Settimana Week Woche هفته (hafte)
Mese Month Monat ماه (mah)
Anno Year Jahr سال (sal)
Buono Good Gut خوب (khoob)
Cattivo Bad Schlecht بد (bad)
Grande Big Groß بزرگ (bozorg)
Piccolo Small Klein کوچک (kochak)